Many countries have come up with different megaprojects, either individual or collaborative, that have caused a paradigmatic shift in the infrastructural and trade relations globally. The following are some such examples of the most impressive megaprojects in the world.
Japan’s Chuo Shinkansen Project
Despite being filled with mountains, Japan is one of the most well-connected countries in the world with its ingenious railway operation. This part of the nation’s infrastructure emerged after the second world war, and it has a spotless record of 60 years of zero accidents.
Japan’s new megaproject is to revolutionize the speed train concept by introducing the Maglev bullet trains known as Shinkansen in Japanese. These high-tech trains run with minimal friction so that the speed can increase up to about 603 kilometers per hour. This project started being executed in 2014, and it is estimated to cost about $90 billion.
Qatar’s Lusail City Megaproject
Qatar might be a small country, but it is currently one of the world’s wealthiest nations, with its small population of 3 million people earning a high revenue from its natural gas exportation. Qatar’s people suffer from the arid climate, but they profit extensively from being the largest exporter of natural gas in the world.
The recent project of building the first green city in the country may change the face of Qatar forever. Being situated right beside the capital city, Doha, Lusail City comes with its sustenance projects, and the main infrastructure includes hospitals, schools, housing, and a massive luxury stadium. This stadium alone is estimated to cost around $45 billion.
China’s New Silk Road Project
China has a reputation of being a fast prospering nation, but after the 2020 pandemic, China’s relationship with a lot of its business partners, especially the USA, got strained. The architects of this nation had to devise new growth routes to make sure the country kept prospering.
Chinese president Xi Jinping announced a new Silk Road project to redefine China’s trade routes with countries covering about half the population worldwide. The old silk route was constructed back in the time of the Roman empire between China and the Western countries. This new project is considered to be one of the largest infrastructural developments whose estimated cost is a massive $900 billion.
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New York’s One World Trade Center Project
The 9/11 attacks destroyed the famous World Trade Center of the USA. This new world trade center project rises from the ashes and encompasses a construction inspired by the original structure. This construction will occur in Manhattan, New York City.
It has been reported to be the sixth tallest building worldwide and the tallest in the Western hemisphere. The construction began in 2003, led by the main architect David Childs. The cost of this project is estimated to be around $3.9 billion.
The Port Mann Bridge Project In Vancouver
The Port Mann bridge in Vancouver became operational in 2012 with its ten-lane cable operation. It was the widest bridge in the world until the building of California’s new Bay bridge. But it is still the second-longest bridge in North America that is a cable-stayed one.
This bridge was built to solve the problem of the extensive traffic jams on a daily basis. The expected cost of making this bridge was around $2.5 billion. However, it required an expensive maintenance schedule which brought up the price to about $3.3 billion.
The Panama Canal Expansion Project
The Expansion of the Panama Canal megaproject is considered to be one of the most impressive projects worldwide. It took around 11 years and a sumptuous amount of money – about $5.25 Billion to complete.
It was one of the important projects to make way for more traffic to pass through the canal. The canal’s length and width were increased to let the New Panamax and other bigger ships pass through. Other than developing older canals, this project also developed two new locks on the Atlantic and Pacific sides.
Ethiopia’s Grand Renaissance Dam
The building of the Grand Renaissance Dam began back in 2011, and today it is considered one of the most impressive megaprojects in Africa to create hydroelectric power. It is expected to generate about 6.45 gigawatts of power when the project is completed in 2022.
The construction of the dam cost about $5 billion. Although the megaproject goals are enormous, it has also provoked controversy regarding the extensive rehabilitation of locals from the region of construction.
France’s ITER Megaproject
The ITER or the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor is a megaproject with 35 countries involved and currently a work in progress in France. The estimated cost of this project is about $20 billion.
This radical project has the target of advancing energy production and solving the energy crisis issue worldwide by replicating the fusion reactions within the sun. The construction began in 2013, and it took this much time and precaution so that any nuclear accidents could be avoided.
Hong-Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Project in China
The Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge project is underway to create a 16-mile long bridge connecting to a 4-mile long tunnel structure. This is considered to be another megaproject that shall alter the fate of infrastructural facilities in China.
This giant structure will ingeniously connect Hong Kong with mainland China by forming a mega-crossing. The tunnel sections will be created on the two artificial islands on both ends of the bridge. This entire project’s cost is about $18 billion.
The Atlanta Falcon’s Stadium Project
The Atlanta Falcon’s Stadium in Atlanta, Georgia, has an estimated cost of $1.2 billion, and the main attraction of this megaproject is the roof which is structured to look like eight petals. This eight-petaled roof is retractable.
The roof takes about 8 minutes to open and close, and while doing so, it creates a cinematic lens effect. This multi-purpose stadium is by far one of the fanciest stadiums in the world.
There are a few other megaprojects that have gained immense popularity over time. Some of them include the Hyderabad Metro station building in India, the Etihad Rail, Abu Dhabi, and the Crossrail in the U.K. These, however, are the mega of the mega. Projects like these will have a massive impact on future generations
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Source: Top Luxury, LinkedIn, Best Design Projects, The B1M, Popular Mechanics
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